What is Thalassemia and How can it be prevented? – Dr. Satish Kumar




Thalassemia is a haemolytic anaemia where there is a problem in the bone marrow due to mutation in the red cell precursors, or the red cell patent cells, the normal red cells are not produced, they are destroyed in the bone marrow. Hence the child requires transfusion every months throughout their life in beta thalassemia major. Beta thalassemia can be prevented by doing a simple test in pregnancy. So women when they become pregnant for the first time should do a test called as electrophoresis or HPLC which will detect whether they are carriers for beta thalassemia. So if they are found to be positive for beta thalassemia carrier, they should check their spouse if both of them are positive for the beta thalassemia trait, then there are some antenatal tests, which will let us know whether the fetus or the child in the womb has thalassemia major or not. If the baby has thalassemia major, the mother should opt for medical termination of pregnancy and we can prevent the birth of a child with thalassemia major, which is psychological, mental and physical burden for the parents. So it can be prevented by doing a simple test called as electrophoresis in the first three months of pregnancy.

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